Everything you need to know about obtaining Hungarian citizenship

Many foreigners who visit Hungary appreciate the uniqueness of the country. It’s awe-inspiring natural environments, bustling cities, mouth-watering cuisine, and of course its residence. These are just some of the reasons one might decide to move to Hungary and possibly obtain citizenship. If you are one of these people, you may have questions regarding Hungarian citizenship laws. Keep reading this article to learn more!

Hungarian citizenship laws

Let’s start with a basic overview of Hungarian nationality laws. A person can acquire Hungarian citizenship if one or both parents are Hungarian citizens, says Emberi Jogok. By acquiring Hungarian citizenship, one simultaneously becomes a citizen of the European Union. People born within the borders of Hungary, but to foreign parents, will generally not be considered Hungarian citizens. This demonstrates the functioning of jus sanguinis. Hungary also allows dual citizenship.

If you are lucky enough to have Hungarian descendants, you are in luck! These laws were first applied in 1993 and then renewed in 2011. They state that anyone with Hungarian ancestors before 1920, or between 1941 and 1945, can apply for citizenship. You also need to have a working knowledge of the Hungarian language, but you don’t need to live in the country.

Next, we will look at some of the ways to obtain Hungarian citizenship.


Naturalization offers the most abundant means to become a Hungarian citizen. If you have been married to a Hungarian citizen for at least ten years (five years, if you and your spouse have a child together), you can apply for naturalization. Keep in mind that you must have proof that you have a good understanding of the Hungarian language.

If you have lived in Hungary for at least eight years, you can apply for naturalization. This is only provided if you pass a test on the Hungarian constitution, have a livelihood, have no criminal record and are of good character. If you were born in Hungary, established your residence before the age of eighteen or are stateless, you can apply after five years of residence in Hungary.

Hungarian citizenship based on descent

As mentioned above, if you have Hungarian ancestry, you can apply for citizenship. This is especially true for many ethnic groups who can speak Hungarian. The places where most of these candidates come from are Ukraine, Vojvodina and Transylvania.

Hungarian constitution test

If you wish to obtain citizenship by naturalization, expert to study for a test on the constitution of Hungary. Provided you have a Hungarian language degree, you can skip the textbooks, as you won’t have to take the test. If you decide to apply, you can submit your application to the nearest government office. On your application form, you can choose your exam date. Learn more about the app at kormányhivatal.hu.

The exam consists of two parts, a written test and an oral test. During the exam, candidates must answer questions regarding Hungarian history, literature, arts, geography, economics, etc. The questions may also relate to the day-to-day functioning of the Hungarian government.

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Source: emberijogok.kormany.hu, kormanyhivatal.hu

Laura T. Thrasher